The tax authorities are hunting swimming pools and soon verandas and garden sheds thanks to artificial intelligence
[EN VIDÉO] The largest swimming pool in the world flown over by drone in Chile In Chile, the Algarrobo swimming pool has a beach one kilometer long and contains the equivalent of 80 Olympic swimming pools. Flyover by drone, its dimensions are even more impressive.
In recent years, the General Directorate of Public Finances has found a new enemy: the swimming pools not declared. But how to flush them out without going door-to-door or sticking nose on Google Maps ? In Bercy, this mission was entrusted to Google for the technical part with an Artificial Intelligence responsible for identifying the swimming pools on the aerial photos of the National Institute for Geographic and Forest Information (IGN).
In concrete terms, the geolocation tool coupled with specially developed algorithms makes it possible to detect swimming poolsand it is then a matter of checking for each individual whether it has been declared to the cadastre. Last year, this experiment was carried out in the south-east (Alpes-Maritimes, Var, Bouches-du-Rhône, Ardèche…), Haute-Savoie and part of the Grand-Ouest (Morbihan, Maine- et-Loire and Vendée). In total, out of nine departments, the AI has identified 20,000 undeclared swimming pools for an overall recovery of 10 million euros.
A high error rate
On the strength of this success, Bercy decided to extend this system to the whole of France, and according to theAFP, this generalization will go through an optimization to flush out other undeclared constructions. After the swimming pools, there are the verandas, garden sheds or even the tennis courts which will be in the sights.
The stakes are high for the Ministry of Economy and Finance since all this has a cost: 24 million euros over three years! Baptized ” Innovative Land Project “, this system should only be profitable in 2023 with 40 million euros in expected revenue. But watch out for errors since BFM-TV revealed in April that 30% of swimming pools detected in the Bouches-du-Rhône did not fall within the scope of this procedure. Worse, in another department, the error rate climbed to 80% on isolated buildings.
The taxman will use Google to flush out undeclared swimming pools
The tax authorities are currently experimenting with an “Innovative Land” program which uses Google services to automatically detect cadastral errors. The goal ? Identify undeclared swimming pools and extensions.
published by Edward Back on 08/13/2021
Google, the new champion in the fight against tax evasion? This is the information just revealed by the Chained Duck. The General Directorate of Public Finances (DGFiP) called on the Web giant, as well as the company Capgemini, for its “Innovative Land” program which aims to detect all undeclared items on the cadastre. If a swimming pool is visible on Google Mapsit will eventually be spotted by the tax authorities…
The software in question uses artificial intelligence from Google to analyze satellite images provided by the National Institute of Geographic and Forest Information. They are compared to the cadastre in order to identify any differences between the two. This includes swimming pools, as well as extensions and any other undeclared modification of the building. At each irregularity, the plot will be reported to surveyors who will then be able to zoom in on the images, which have a resolution of 20 centimeters, in order to confirm or not the presence of a swimming pool or an undeclared extension.
A system still in the experimental phase
This is not the first operation of this kind, since Google Maps enabled the city of Marmande in 2017 to discover that a third of swimming pools of the commune was not declared. Another experiment carried out in 2019 discovered 3,000 swimming pools not declared in the Alpes-Maritimes.
The system is currently in the experimental phase in a few departments, including Bouches-du-Rhône and Vendée, before a probable launch at national level. Those who have failed to declare their swimming pool risk seeing their local taxes increase by 500 euros a year. With nearly 3 million swimming pools currently listed in France, the “Innovative Land” program could pay off big.
Photos: Top 15 of the most beautiful swimming pools in France
An infinity pool in the mountains Exceptional decor for this long infinity pool. On one side, a wooden pool deck that also serves as a terrace where you can relax in comfortable armchairs. And an apple green space for perfect integration into the environment. On the other, an overflow plunging over a few trees and opening onto a bewitching mountain landscape. The swimming pool, for its part, offers exceptional undulating reflections. Beautiful moments of relaxation and idleness in perspective. © Alexandre Zveiger, Adobe Stock
A pool lined with palm trees This swimming pool is original in more ways than one. Firstly because, lined with palm trees, it offers an open view of a mountain landscape. Then, because it is surrounded by a mini beach of fine sand. Lined with a band of pebbles. Finally, because its liner decorated with ethnic figures gives the surface of its water reflections that invite you to travel. All in a relaxing color palette. An authentic little corner of paradise in which to soak your feet. Even more if affinities. © Wemm, Adobe Stock
A sleek style swimming pool This clean-lined swimming pool is none other than that of the official residence of the Vice-President of Brazil. The complex, located on the Brasilia side, was designed by the famous architect Oscar Niemeyer. We note an original shape, neither oval nor rectangular. And a direct anthracite gray color that brings out the beautiful turquoise blue color of this water in which you dream of swimming. The luxuriant vegetation of the surroundings adds a little to the feeling of calm and serenity emanating from the place. © Michel Temer, Wikimedia Commons, CC by 2.0
Mirror pool with reinforced concrete structure “Exceptional swimming pool” category. Here is the Gold Trophy in the “exceptional pool” category: a mirror pool with a reinforced concrete structure, with automatic regulation and floodlights. © PPF
Swimming pool with cascading spa “Exceptional swimming pool” category. In the “exceptional swimming pool” category, here is the 2010 Silver Trophy: a rectangular swimming pool of 14 mx 6 m, equipped with a waterfall spa. © PPF
Family swimming pool and its Roman mosaics “Angular-shaped family pool” category. Gold trophy for this 13m x 15m mirror pool with movable bottom, covered with a Pompeii-style mosaic covering. ©FPP
Infinity family pool Category “free-form family pool”. This 9.20 mx 5.10 mx 5 m pool received the Gold Trophy in 2010. With a gray Crystalroc coating, it is equipped with a Diffaclean, Diffaroc copings and an overflow. ©FPP
City swimming pool and its sand-colored liner Category “city swimming pool less than 30 m² in angular shape”. This R10 model with a depth of 1.36 m obtained the Gold Trophy. The sand-colored liner and the copings give a harmonious whole. It is made up of a straight Escabanc, a water slide and a structure with side posts in red pine. © PPF
City swimming pool equipped with a spa Category “free-form city swimming pool less than 30m²”. Gold trophy 2010 for this small reinforced concrete pool measuring 6.35 mx 5 mx 2.80 m, 1.10 mx 1.40 m deep, with a gray Crystalroc coating. This pool is also equipped with a spa. © PPF
Balneotherapy pool with massage jets Category “wellness swimming pool, balneotherapy”. This large 14 mx 4.50 m pool, with overflow over one length, received the Gold Trophy in its category. Equipped with a balneotherapy system (ten massage nozzles and a blower zone), salt chlorinator treatment with pH regulator, it also offers four multicolored LED spotlights and an immersed cover shutter. © PPF
Kit swimming pool with Roman stairs Category “kit swimming pool installed by an individual”. The gold trophy for kit swimming pools was awarded to this 9 mx 4 m rectangular pool with a 1.50 m flat bottom, with a Romanesque staircase in off-white acrylic. The pluses: an integrated hydromassage, an independent hydrojet and a sand-coloured liner. © PPF
Sports pool and its personalized swimming line “Sports pool” category. This pool won the Silver Trophy. It has a 20m x 3m swimming lane, personalized with a dark blue swimming line, a sloping staircase and a whirlpool with six nozzles. © PPF
Infinity sports pool “Sports pool” category. Gold trophy for this rectangular swimming pool 13 mx 4 m, equipped with a rolling shutter and an overflow zone. © PPF
Renovation of an artificial basin in a swimming pool Pool renovation category. This renovation of an artificial basin into a swimming pool won the Gold Trophy. The swimming pool is equipped with an immersed cover, a heat pump and automatic regulation. © PPF
Indoor swimming pool with underwater sound system Category: “indoor swimming pool”. This covered pool equipped with an immersed roller shutter that disappears under the beaches received the Gold Trophy. The pool has two LED projectors, swimming against the current and an underwater sound system. © PPF
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